Answers: The Latest Treatments - Part 2
The Borneo Post - Sunday, 3 February, 2002
A n o t h e r interesting skin cancer news from researchers in Australia involves the completion of the first trial of a plant-based topical cream for treating squarmous-cell and basal-cell carcinoma. The study was very successful, with the only side effects being mild inflammation.
In the report, ninety percent of patients showed complete remission. In many cases, the results were backed up by later biopsy, and most were found to be clear. The next step will be the development of a commercial product. FIVE YEAR SURVIVAL RATE: 87 percent. No significant improvement since 1983.OVARIAN CANCER
The number of women diagnosed with ovarian cancer is in the increase. A Pap smear will not detect ovarian cancer, and there are no early screening tests currently available. Unfortunately, early symptoms often go unnoticed, meaning that about 70 percent of cases are only diagnosed once the cancer has already spread.
Because of this, the treatment for ovarian cancer can often be aggressive, and almost always includes a hysterectomy, removal of both Fallopian tubes, ovaries and lymph glands. In some cases, it may also be necessary to remove part of the bowel.
Researchers say new technologies such as genomics (the study of genes) and proteomics (the study of specific gene proteins), will have an enormous influence on research into ovarian cancer in the future. Being able to combine these sciences gives scientists the potential to identify new treatments and early screening tools.
The Peter McCallum Institute and QIMR in Australia were recently awarded a US$2 million grant, part of the American Military Medical Funding Programme, to conduct a study to look at possible underpinning factors such as HRT, pregnancy and oral contraceptives. Aconsortium of 15 research centres in Australia also has been granted affliction with the Medical Institute of Health in the US. FIVE YEAR SIRVIVAL RATE: 3035 percent. No significant improvement in recent years.
With more and more research and tests undergoing in the future, and the combined effort of countries into further breakthrough studies of cancer, it means that more people will now have access to cutting-edge treatments and new drugs, as well as international clinical trials and the prevention of cancers.OUTSMART CANCER
Environmental and lifestyle factors are the cause of about 75 percent of all cancers. However, we now know enough about the risk factors associated with cancer, that we could potentially, wipe out more than half of the problem by making some sensible lifestyle changes and avoiding known carcinogens.
1. SMOKING. By far the best way to reduce your chances of developing cancer is to never start smoking. If you do smoke, quitting is the most important way to protect yourself. Tobacco products are directly responsible for up to 95 percent of all lung-cancer cases and 30 percent of all cancers. Your risk is also increased by passive smoking.
2. UV RADIATION.
Today, most people
are aware of the potential skin damage that is
caused by direct exposure to the sun. Protect
your skin sensibly and stay in shady areas
whenever possible. Make sure that your entire
body is protected - the most common areas
for melanoma are the lower legs for women
and the upper back for men.
4. EARLY DETECTION OF CANCER. Make sure you remain vigilant about screening tests, especially if you have a family history of cancer. If you do develop cancer, the ultimate outcome will be enormously influenced by how early the cancer is identified and dealt with.
Women over 50 should have
mammograms at least every two years.